Inclusion of People with Disability in Mainstream Development
In rural parts of India a child born with a disability is destined for a life of dependency. For the poor, this burden can be extreme. Most often, disabled children are likely to be seen as social, financial, mental and physical burdens to their families. Due to lack of knowledge and skills of the family, these children do not get the appropriate help. These children do not go to school and hardly leave their homes. Medical and rehabilitation treatment does not reach the disabled children in the poor villages.
The existing facilities provided by the Government and NGOs remain inadequate across the state. Most people with disabilities are poor and the incidence of disability among the poor is also higher than that in middle and high income groups. People with disabilities face physical, social, and attitudinal barriers that may restrict their livelihood opportunities and access to basic public services or social transfers.
RDI- HIHT has been working over a decade for addressing concerns of people with disability and their issues. During the year 2007-08, RDI carried out a project in Dehradun, Haridwar and Tehri of Uttarakhand in collaboration with Rehabilitation Council of India (RCI) for prevention and control of deafness. From 2011, RDI has partnered with CBM promoting Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR), Institution Based Rehabilitation (IBR) and inclusive development in three blocks (Doiwala and Chakrata in Dist. Dehradun, Chamba and Jaunpur in Dist. Tehri) of Uttarakhand and one block (Nazibabad in Dist. Bijnor) of UP. Health camps, trainings and workshops on inclusive development, counselling, and skill development activities have been organized for people with disability, families and community members. These efforts served the purpose not only of creating awareness among communities but also making all aware of the developmental needs of people with disability.
On December 3, 2015 International Day of Disability, two days’ workshop was inaugurated on UN themes “Inclusion matters: Access and empowerment for people of all abilities.” The two days’ workshop focused on building awareness, momentum and understanding the facts, issues and key challenges among people with disability. The workshop also focused on the importance of inclusive development in education, health, employment, local governance and disaster.