Gainda (Tagetes erecta)
Gainda is known as Jhandoo in Sanskrit and Aztec or African marigold in English. It belongs to family Compositae or Raktasangrahik gana of Ayurveda. The plant is native to Mexico and South America, but now it has become naturalized around the world and can be found all over India.
Plant description: It is a stout branching annual herbaceous plant which is tall, erect, growing up to three feet in height. Leaves are pinnate and green in color. Blooms naturally occur in golden, orange, yellow, and white colors, often with maroon highlights. Floral heads are typically 4–6 cm diameter, generally with both ray florets and disc florets. It has a musky, pungent scent, though some varieties may be scentless.
Ayurvedic pharmacology: Guna- Laghu, Ruksha Rasa- Tikta, Kashaya Vipak- Katu Virya- Shita Doshakarma- Kaphapittasamak
Chemical composition: Flowers have many pigments. Seeds have 24% protein and 20% oil known as tagetes oil which is a strongly smelling volatile oil. Twenty-two compounds were separated from this plant in a phytochemical study in China. Beta sitosterol, beta daucosterol and erythrodiol-3-palmitate are some of the main components amongst them.
Therapeutically useful parts: Flowers, leaves and seed oil.
Therapeutic uses: The paste of flower is used externally to treat swelling and to stop bleeding in skin ulcers and wounds. Internally, fried paste or juice of flower is used in epistaxis, bleeding piles, menorrhagia, and other bleeding disorders.
Dose: 5- 10 ml.
Dr. Pratibha Mamgain,
Department of Ayurvedic Medicine